LEGISLATORS DRAW RUBBER MAP

OF ASSEMBLY DISTRICTS,

stretching populations to move them around the state

by Ward Cleaver


Under the "one person, one vote" legal principle, state legislators are required to be elected from districts that are nearly equal in population.

Instead, the New Yorkshire State Legislature is considering a contrived, distorted apportionment of Assembly districts that shortchanges many voters on Long Island.

Although Suffolk County is entitled to 150 * 1,419,369 / 18,976,457=11.22 districts, it receives fewer than 11. The 10th district extends westward into Nassau County, to include territory in Farmingdale and Bethpage.

Although Nassau County's entitlement of 150 * 1,334,544 / 18,976,457=10.55 districts might be added to Suffolk's 11.22 to comprise 150 * 2,753,913 / 18,976,457=21.77 districts, the two counties together are assigned only 21 districts. Almost an entire district was shifted away.

Although Kings and Richmond Counties are together entitled to 150 * 2,909,054 / 18,976,457=22.99 districts, they are assigned 24, including one additional district shifted from elsewhere in the state.

Thus, a district is moved from the suburbs to New York City. This is blatant malaportionment. (This is also a discussed on Usenet..)

Does this population manipulation allow districts to follow clear community boundaries? Apparently not. The resulting gerrymander requires a description 19 times as long as the concise work of Ward Cleaver.

(Additional rules for drawing state legislative districts are set forth in the New Yorkshire State Constitution. Some of these rules still apply.)


This map shows municipal boundaries that may be useful as district boundaries.

municipal boundaries

MAP OF MUNICIPALITIES

KEY
Abbreviation Municipality Population (by 2000 census)
BA Babylon town
(in Suffolk County)
211,792
BH Brookhaven town
(in Suffolk County)
448,519
BK Brooklyn borough
of New York City
(co-extensive with Kings County)
2,465,326
BX Bronx
(county and borough of New York City)
1,332,650
EE East End of Suffolk County,
proposed Peconic County
(consisting of towns of East Hampton, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Southampton, and Southold)
125,442
GC Glen Cove city
(in Nassau County)
26,622
HE Hempstead town
(in Nassau County)
755,924
HU Huntington town
(in Suffolk County)
195,289
IS Islip town
(in Suffolk County)
322,612
KI Kings County
(co-extensive with Brooklyn borough of New York City)
2,465,326
LB Long Beach city
(in Nassau County)
35,462
MH Manhattan borough of New York City
(co-extensive with New York County)
1,537,195
NC Nassau County 1,334,544
NH North Hempstead town
(in Nassau County)
222,611
NY New York County
(co-extensive with Manhattan borough of New York City)
1,537,195
OB Oyster Bay town
(in Nassau County)
293,925
QN Queens
(county and borough of New York City)
2,229,379
RI Richmond County
(co-extensive with Staten Island borough of New York City)
443,728
SC Suffolk County 1,419,369
SI Staten Island borough
of New York City
(co-extensive with Richmond County)
443,728
SM Smithtown town
(in Suffolk County)
115,715
TOTAL New Yorkshire State 18,976,457

If municipalities have the wrong population for a whole number of districts, those that are contiguous (with common borders) can be grouped together as necessary.

The following table lists various combinations of municipalities, showing how they might be grouped and their populations pooled to form a whole number of districts. These options are ordered by the percentage deviation from the average. See how easy it would be to create a satisfactory map with less stretching than performed by the State Legislature.

Allowing this much leeway, this population of this geographic area can be divided into this number of districts in this house, each of this size, this far from this ideal population. Miscellany
0.017% 1,224,080 BA+SM+IS+BH+EE 4 Senate 306,020 -52 306,072
0.021% 1,012,288 SM+IS+BH+EE 8 Assembly 126,536 +26 126,510
0.023% 2,909,054 SI+BK 23 Assembly 126,481 -29 126,510 Although this option pools the same population chosen by the politicians to produce a deviation of 4.189%, it assigns an appropriate number of seats.
0.027% 2,753,913 NC+SC 9 Senate 305,990 -82 306,072 Senate Districts 1-9 as proposed by the State Legislature
0.034% 1,529,833 NC+HU 5 Senate 305,967 -105 306,072 Population to east described above with 0.017% deviation.
0.036% 1,837,085 NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 6 Senate 306,181 +109 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population on East End.
0.044% 2,531,302 HE+LB+OB+GC+SC 20 Assembly 126,565 +55 126,510
0.056% 1,645,548 NC+HU+SM 13 Assembly 126,581 +71 126,510
0.059% 1,519,014 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU 12 Assembly 126,585 +75 126,510 Population to east described above with 0.021% deviation.
0.061% 759,523 HU+SM+BH 6 Assembly 126,587 +77 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
0.068% 884,965 HU+SM+BH+EE 7 Assembly 126,424 -86 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
0.091% 2,405,860 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 19 Assembly 126,624 +114 126,510 Requires district with 0.844% deviation to east.
0.104% 1,646,337 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+IS 13 Assembly 126,641 +132 126,510
0.139% 2,451,990 QN+NH 8 Senate 306,499 +427 306,072
0.144% 886,846 SM+IS+BH 7 Assembly 126,692 +183 126,510 Requires district with 0.844% deviation to east.
0.146% 1,528,124 OB+GC+HU+SM+IS+BH+EE 5 Senate 305,625 -447 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in Babylon town.
0.158% 631,551 OB+GC+HU+SM 5 Assembly 126,310 -200 126,510
0.160% 3,536,601 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+HU 28 Assembly 126,307 -203 126,510
0.169% 633,616 HU+SM+IS 5 Assembly 126,723 +213 126,510
0.179% 4,293,616 QN+NC+BA+HU+IS 34 Assembly 126,283 -227 126,510
0.185% 3,295,333 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM 26 Assembly 126,744 +234 126,510
0.190% 1,013,997 HE+LB+NH 8 Assembly 126,750 +240 126,510
0.199% 3,971,004 QN+NC+BA+HU 13 Senate 305,462 -610 306,072
0.201% 4,293,616 QN+NC+BA+HU+IS 14 Senate 306,687 +615 306,072
0.207% 7,448,618 BK+QN+NC+SC 59 Assembly 126,248 -262 126,510
0.219% 1,388,566 NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS 11 Assembly 126,233 -276 126,510
0.231% 2,442,909 NC+BA+IS+BH+EE 8 Senate 305,364 -708 306,072 Probably splits a small municipality (Babylon town).
0.233% 7,023,286 MH+BK+QN+HE+LB 23 Senate 305,360 -712 306,072
0.240% 1,514,473 NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+BH 12 Assembly 126,206 -304 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
0.280% 1,526,081 NH+OB+GC+BA+IS+BH 5 Senate 305,216 -856 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in the East End.
0.285% 4,186,720 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS 33 Assembly 126,870 +361 126,510
0.286% 1,639,915 NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+BH+EE 13 Assembly 126,147 -362 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
0.296% 4,694,705 BK+QN 37 Assembly 126,884 +374 126,510
0.306% 3,553,104 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+BA 28 Assembly 126,897 +387 126,510
0.325% 6,472,977 SI+BK+QN+NC 51 Assembly 126,921 +411 126,510
0.343% 7,564,550 BX+MH+BK+QN 60 Assembly 126,076 -434 126,510
0.384% 2,772,537 QN+NH+OB+GC 22 Assembly 126,024 -485 126,510
0.416% 4,446,249 MH+SI+BK 35 Assembly 127,036 +526 126,510
0.418% 4,409,331 QN+NC+BA+HU+SM+IS 35 Assembly 125,981 -529 126,510
0.419% 1,651,523 NH+OB+GC+BA+IS+BH+EE 13 Assembly 127,040 +531 126,510
0.422% 5,542,952 BX+MH+SI+QN 44 Assembly 125,976 -534 126,510
0.438% 6,675,628 MH+SI+BK+QN 53 Assembly 125,955 -554 126,510
0.447% 1,537,195 MH 5 Senate 307,439 +1367 306,072 Senate Districts 27-31 of a concept by Ward Cleaver.
0.448% 4,066,464 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 32 Assembly 127,077 +567 126,510 Requires district with 0.844% deviation to east.
0.449% 3,652,316 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+HU+SM 29 Assembly 125,942 -568 126,510
0.471% 2,542,121 NC+HU+SM+IS+BH+EE 20 Assembly 127,106 +596 126,510
0.476% 4,576,026 BX+QN+HE+LB+NH 36 Assembly 127,112 +602 126,510
0.495% 2,415,587 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS+BH+EE 19 Assembly 127,136 +626 126,510
0.509% 3,020,765 QN+HE+LB 24 Assembly 125,865 -645 126,510
0.513% 1,762,052 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+SM+IS 14 Assembly 125,861 -649 126,510
0.516% 3,775,715 QN+NC+BA 30 Assembly 125,857 -653 126,510
0.525% 1,526,081 NH+OB+GC+BA+IS+BH 12 Assembly 127,173 +664 126,510
0.534% 3,179,618 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU 25 Assembly 127,185 +675 126,510
0.538% 3,306,941 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+IS 26 Assembly 127,190 +680 126,510
0.541% 2,416,679 NC+HU+SM+IS+BH 19 Assembly 127,194 +684 126,510
0.541% 754,950 NH+OB+GC+BA 6 Assembly 125,825 -685 126,510
0.558% 3,562,029 BX+QN 28 Assembly 127,215 +706 126,510
0.559% 3,652,316 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+HU+SM 12 Senate 304,360 -1712 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in North Hempstead town.
0.561% 4,071,005 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS 32 Assembly 127,219 +709 126,510
0.562% 1,509,578 NH+OB+GC+HU+IS+BH 12 Assembly 125,798 -712 126,510 Awkward: creates quite a narrow district.
0.565% 1,846,812 NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS+BH+EE 6 Senate 307,802 +1730 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in Smithtown town.
0.570% 2,290,145 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS+BH 18 Assembly 127,230 +721 126,510
0.584% 1,635,020 NH+OB+GC+HU+IS+BH+EE 13 Assembly 125,771 -739 126,510 Awkward: creates quite a narrow district.
0.593% 4,002,521 MH+BK 13 Senate 307,886 +1814 306,072
0.602% 1,634,729 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM 13 Assembly 125,748 -761 126,510
0.611% 3,563,923 QN+NC 28 Assembly 127,283 +773 126,510 Assembly Districts 12-39 of a map by Ward Cleaver
0.613% 1,272,851 NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS 10 Assembly 127,285 +775 126,510
0.619% 9,429,541 MH+SI+BK+QN+NC+SC 75 Assembly 125,727 -782 126,510
0.619% 9,429,541 MH+SI+BK+QN+NC+SC 31 Senate 304,179 -1893 306,072
0.621% 7,892,346 SI+BK+QN+NC+SC 62 Assembly 127,296 +786 126,510
0.625% 9,554,614 BX+MH+SI+BK+QN+NC+BA 76 Assembly 125,719 -791 126,510
0.649% 2,772,537 QN+NH+OB+GC 9 Senate 308,060 +1988 306,072
0.659% 1,528,124 OB+GC+HU+SM+IS+BH+EE 12 Assembly 127,344 +834 126,510
0.684% 2,465,326 BK 8 Senate 308,166 +2094 306,072
0.689% 4,076,191 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS+BH+EE 32 Assembly 127,381 +871 126,510
0.689% 2,512,756 NC+BA+HU+IS+BH 20 Assembly 125,638 -872 126,510
0.697% 2,638,198 NC+BA+HU+IS+BH+EE 21 Assembly 125,628 -881 126,510
0.697% 5,778,899 BX+MH+SI+BK 46 Assembly 125,628 -881 126,510
0.700% 9,554,614 BX+MH+SI+BK+QN+NC+BA 75 Assembly 127,395 +885 126,510
0.705% 2,431,301 NC+BA+HU+SM+BH+EE 8 Senate 303,913 -2159 306,072 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
0.707% 6,472,977 SI+BK+QN+NC 21 Senate 308,237 +2165 306,072
0.708% 3,950,749 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS+BH 13 Senate 303,904 -2168 306,072 Useless: isolates fractional populations in Smithtown town and East End.
0.712% 6,029,249 BK+QN+NC 48 Assembly 125,609 -900 126,510
0.724% 9,429,541 MH+SI+BK+QN+NC+SC 74 Assembly 127,426 +917 126,510
0.738% 3,950,749 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS+BH 31 Assembly 127,444 +934 126,510
0.739% 3,313,573 BX+MH+SI 26 Assembly 127,445 +935 126,510
0.741% 1,519,014 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU 5 Senate 303,803 -2269 306,072
0.746% 3,083,541 QN+NH+OB+GC+HU+SM 10 Senate 308,354 +2282 306,072
0.757% 3,766,574 MH+QN 30 Assembly 125,552 -957 126,510
0.757% 3,341,312 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC 11 Senate 303,756 -2316 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in North Hempstead town.
0.772% 1,529,833 NC+HU 12 Assembly 127,486 +976 126,510
0.803% 4,857,850 QN+NC+BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 16 Senate 303,616 -2456 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in East End.
0.823% 7,892,346 SI+BK+QN+NC+SC 26 Senate 303,552 -2520 306,072
0.844% 125,442 EE 1 Assembly 125,442 -1068 126,510 The five towns that have expressed the wish to secede from Suffolk County now have sufficient population to form an Assembly district, shown as Assembly District 1 of a map by Ward Cleaver.
0.861% 6,675,628 MH+SI+BK+QN 22 Senate 303,438 -2634 306,072
0.865% 7,023,286 MH+BK+QN+HE+LB 56 Assembly 125,416 -1094 126,510
0.932% 1,544,627 OB+GC+BA+SM+IS+BH+EE 5 Senate 308,925 +2854 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in Huntington town.
0.934% 5,138,433 SI+BK+QN 41 Assembly 125,328 -1182 126,510
0.949% 4,086,719 QN+NC+BA+HU+SM 32 Assembly 127,710 +1200 126,510
0.951% 3,759,212 QN+NC+HU 30 Assembly 125,307 -1203 126,510
1.002% 4,983,292 QN+NC+SC 39 Assembly 127,777 +1267 126,510
1.038% 1,514,473 NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+BH 5 Senate 302,895 -3177 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in East End.
1.044% 1,546,336 NC+BA 5 Senate 309,267 +3195 306,072 Senate Districts 5-9 of a map by Ward Cleaver
1.050% 4,857,850 QN+NC+BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 38 Assembly 127,838 +1328 126,510 Requires district with 0.844% deviation to east.
1.053% 2,753,913 NC+SC 22 Assembly 125,178 -1332 126,510 Although this option pools the same population chosen by the politicians to produce a deviation of 3.659%, it assigns an appropriate number of seats.
1.063% 2,628,471 NC+BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 21 Assembly 125,165 -1344 126,510 Requires district with 0.844% deviation to east.
1.081% 10,762,191 BX+MH+SI+BK+QN+NC+SC 86 Assembly 125,142 -1368 126,510
1.130% 3,502,230 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS 28 Assembly 125,080 -1430 126,510
1.131% 4,002,521 MH+BK 32 Assembly 125,079 -1431 126,510
1.139% 1,857,340 NC+BA+HU+SM 6 Senate 309,557 +3485 306,072 Probably splits a small municipality (Huntington town).
1.149% 2,431,301 NC+BA+HU+SM+BH+EE 19 Assembly 127,963 +1453 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
1.175% 3,875,716 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+IS 31 Assembly 125,023 -1487 126,510
1.195% 3,874,927 QN+NC+HU+SM 31 Assembly 124,998 -1512 126,510
1.211% 4,353,415 BX+QN+HE+LB 34 Assembly 128,042 +1532 126,510
1.235% 4,098,327 QN+NC+BA+IS 32 Assembly 128,073 +1563 126,510
1.236% 3,748,393 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU 30 Assembly 124,946 -1563 126,510
1.242% 1,624,201 OB+GC+BA+HU+IS+BH+EE 13 Assembly 124,939 -1571 126,510
1.243% 896,573 IS+BH+EE 7 Assembly 128,082 +1572 126,510
1.245% 5,138,433 SI+BK+QN 17 Senate 302,261 -3811 306,072 Senate Districts 10-26 of a concept by Ward Cleaver.
1.255% 3,971,004 QN+NC+BA+HU 31 Assembly 128,097 +1587 126,510
1.257% 1,537,195 MH 12 Assembly 128,100 +1590 126,510 Assembly Districts 64-75 as proposed by the State Legislature
1.260% 2,305,859 NC+BA+HU+SM+BH 18 Assembly 128,103 +1594 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
1.275% 1,498,759 OB+GC+BA+HU+IS+BH 12 Assembly 124,897 -1613 126,510 Requires district with 0.844% deviation to east.
1.303% 2,416,679 NC+HU+SM+IS+BH 8 Senate 302,085 -3987 306,072 Useless: isolates fractional populations in Babylon town and East End.
1.305% 3,020,765 QN+HE+LB 10 Senate 302,077 -3995 306,072
1.339% 3,869,294 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+BH+EE 31 Assembly 124,816 -1694 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
1.347% 1,996,898 HE+LB+OB+GC+HU+SM+BH+EE 16 Assembly 124,806 -1704 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
1.347% 2,415,587 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS+BH+EE 8 Senate 301,948 -4124 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in Smithtown town.
1.358% 1,509,578 NH+OB+GC+HU+IS+BH 5 Senate 301,916 -4156 306,072 Useless: isolates fractional populations in Smithtown town and East End.
1.362% 2,179,952 NC+BA+HU+SM+IS 17 Assembly 128,232 +1723 126,510
1.365% 1,207,577 HU+SM+IS+BH+EE 4 Senate 301,894 -4178 306,072
1.371% 2,869,845 BX+MH 23 Assembly 124,776 -1734 126,510
1.380% 1,871,456 HE+LB+OB+GC+HU+SM+BH 15 Assembly 124,764 -1746 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
1.386% 3,617,945 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS 29 Assembly 124,757 -1753 126,510
1.395% 3,243,376 QN+HE+LB+NH 26 Assembly 124,745 -1764 126,510
1.401% 7,448,618 BK+QN+NC+SC 24 Senate 310,359 +4287 306,072
1.401% 6,029,249 BK+QN+NC 47 Assembly 128,282 +1772 126,510
1.445% 1,745,549 HE+LB+OB+GC+HU+SM+IS 14 Assembly 124,682 -1828 126,510
1.471% 3,864,108 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM 31 Assembly 124,649 -1861 126,510
1.506% 6,029,249 BK+QN+NC 20 Senate 301,462 -4609 306,072
1.510% 5,778,899 BX+MH+SI+BK 45 Assembly 128,420 +1910 126,510
1.512% 1,868,948 NC+BA+IS 15 Assembly 124,597 -1913 126,510
1.524% 4,983,292 QN+NC+SC 40 Assembly 124,582 -1927 126,510
1.542% 5,138,433 SI+BK+QN 40 Assembly 128,461 +1951 126,510
1.558% 3,083,541 QN+NH+OB+GC+HU+SM 24 Assembly 128,481 +1971 126,510
1.583% 3,341,312 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC 26 Assembly 128,512 +2002 126,510
1.590% 771,131 IS+BH 6 Assembly 128,522 +2012 126,510 Assembly Districts 2-7 of a map by Ward Cleaver.
1.611% 311,004 HU+SM 1 Senate 311,004 +4932 306,072 Senate District 4 of a map by Ward Cleaver
1.632% 2,442,909 NC+BA+IS+BH+EE 19 Assembly 128,574 +2064 126,510
1.666% 1,741,625 NC+BA+HU 14 Assembly 124,402 -2108 126,510
1.709% 2,984,329 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA 24 Assembly 124,347 -2163 126,510
1.744% 2,405,860 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 8 Senate 300,733 -5339 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in East End.
1.746% 1,544,627 OB+GC+BA+SM+IS+BH+EE 12 Assembly 128,719 +2209 126,510
1.748% 2,179,952 NC+BA+HU+SM+IS 7 Senate 311,422 +5350 306,072
1.759% 4,983,292 QN+NC+SC 16 Senate 311,456 +5384 306,072
1.763% 1,739,916 OB+GC+SC 14 Assembly 124,280 -2230 126,510
1.769% 2,317,467 NC+BA+IS+BH 18 Assembly 128,748 +2238 126,510
1.771% 1,868,948 NC+BA+IS 6 Senate 311,491 +5419 306,072
1.778% 3,306,941 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+IS 11 Senate 300,631 -5441 306,072 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (North Hempstead town).
1.833% 1,614,474 OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 13 Assembly 124,190 -2319 126,510
1.847% 1,417,304 OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+BH+EE 11 Assembly 128,846 +2336 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
1.859% 1,546,336 NC+BA 12 Assembly 128,861 +2352 126,510
1.859% 2,319,510 HE+LB+OB+GC+HU+SM+IS+BH+EE 18 Assembly 128,862 +2352 126,510
1.907% 1,871,456 HE+LB+OB+GC+HU+SM+BH 6 Senate 311,909 +5837 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in East End.
1.980% 2,064,237 NC+BA+HU+IS 16 Assembly 129,015 +2505 126,510
1.995% 1,419,369 SC 11 Assembly 129,034 +2524 126,510
1.997% 2,967,826 QN+NH+OB+GC+HU 23 Assembly 129,036 +2526 126,510
2.010% 2,451,990 QN+NH 19 Assembly 129,052 +2542 126,510 Population to east described above with 0.044% deviation.
2.018% 2,194,068 HE+LB+OB+GC+HU+SM+IS+BH 17 Assembly 129,063 +2553 126,510
2.056% 3,748,393 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU 12 Senate 312,366 +6294 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in North Hempstead town.
2.065% 1,498,759 OB+GC+BA+HU+IS+BH 5 Senate 299,752 -6320 306,072 Useless: isolates fractional populations in Smithtown town and East End.
2.099% 2,229,379 QN 18 Assembly 123,854 -2655 126,510 Assembly Districts 22-39 as proposed by the State Legislature
2.116% 1,291,862 OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+BH 10 Assembly 129,186 +2676 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
2.122% 3,295,333 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM 11 Senate 299,576 -6496 306,072 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (North Hempstead town).
2.124% 1,857,340 NC+BA+HU+SM 15 Assembly 123,823 -2687 126,510
2.136% 1,980,923 MH+SI 16 Assembly 123,808 -2702 126,510
2.180% 3,341,312 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC 27 Assembly 123,752 -2757 126,510
2.200% 4,066,464 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 13 Senate 312,805 +6733 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in East End.
2.224% 2,094,856 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+IS+BH 7 Senate 299,265 -6807 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in East End.
2.251% 1,422,937 HE+LB+OB+GC+HU+SM 11 Assembly 129,358 +2848 126,510
2.257% 4,694,705 BK+QN 15 Senate 312,980 +6908 306,072
2.261% 2,094,067 NC+HU+SM+BH 7 Senate 299,152 -6919 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in East End.
2.279% 1,293,927 BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 10 Assembly 129,393 +2883 126,510
2.294% 4,186,720 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS 14 Senate 299,051 -7020 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in North Hempstead town.
2.314% 4,071,005 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS 13 Senate 313,154 +7082 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in North Hempstead town.
2.341% 1,111,933 HE+LB+OB+GC 9 Assembly 123,548 -2962 126,510
2.344% 517,901 HU+IS 4 Assembly 129,475 +2966 126,510 Awkward: creates quite a narrow district.
2.351% 3,759,212 QN+NC+HU 12 Senate 313,268 +7196 306,072
2.357% 896,573 IS+BH+EE 3 Senate 298,858 -7214 306,072 Senate Districts 1-3 of a map by Ward Cleaver.
2.404% 1,165,955 OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS 9 Assembly 129,551 +3041 126,510
2.407% 2,194,068 HE+LB+OB+GC+HU+SM+IS+BH 7 Senate 313,438 +7366 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in East End.
2.451% 648,054 OB+GC+BA+SM 5 Assembly 129,611 +3101 126,510
2.496% 2,984,329 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA 10 Senate 298,433 -7639 306,072 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (North Hempstead town).
2.498% 2,220,298 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+IS+BH+EE 18 Assembly 123,350 -3160 126,510
2.532% 2,219,509 NC+HU+SM+BH+EE 18 Assembly 123,306 -3204 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
2.551% 3,766,574 MH+QN 12 Senate 313,881 +7809 306,072
2.564% 2,465,326 BK 20 Assembly 123,266 -3243 126,510
2.564% 2,465,326 BK 19 Assembly 129,754 +3244 126,510
2.584% 2,336,013 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+SM+IS+BH+EE 18 Assembly 129,779 +3269 126,510
2.594% 3,875,716 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+IS 13 Senate 298,132 -7940 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in North Hempstead town.
2.595% 2,094,856 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+IS+BH 17 Assembly 123,227 -3283 126,510
2.604% 7,023,286 MH+BK+QN+HE+LB 57 Assembly 123,216 -3294 126,510
2.614% 3,874,927 QN+NC+HU+SM 13 Senate 298,071 -8001 306,072 Probably splits a small municipality (Huntington town).
2.621% 2,512,756 NC+BA+HU+IS+BH 8 Senate 314,095 +8023 306,072 Useless: isolates fractional populations in Smithtown town and East End.
2.632% 2,094,067 NC+HU+SM+BH 17 Assembly 123,180 -3329 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
2.654% 1,108,365 BA+IS+BH+EE 9 Assembly 123,152 -3358 126,510 To west, abuts 13-district pool of 0.056% deviation.
2.679% 1,846,812 NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS+BH+EE 15 Assembly 123,121 -3389 126,510
2.681% 1,428,912 OB+GC+BA+IS+BH+EE 11 Assembly 129,901 +3391 126,510
2.698% 2,208,690 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+BH+EE 17 Assembly 129,923 +3413 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
2.709% 4,086,719 QN+NC+BA+HU+SM 13 Senate 314,363 +8291 306,072
2.715% 738,447 NH+OB+GC+HU 6 Assembly 123,075 -3435 126,510
2.756% 3,869,294 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+BH+EE 13 Senate 297,638 -8434 306,072 Illegal: unnecessarily splits small municipalities.
2.766% 2,083,248 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+BH 7 Senate 297,607 -8465 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in East End.
2.766% 1,968,160 NC+HU+SM+IS 16 Assembly 123,010 -3500 126,510
2.778% 650,119 BA+SM+IS 5 Assembly 130,024 +3514 126,510
2.785% 2,210,571 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+SM+IS+BH 17 Assembly 130,034 +3524 126,510
2.800% 3,775,715 QN+NC+BA 12 Senate 314,643 +8571 306,072
2.810% 1,721,370 NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS+BH 14 Assembly 122,955 -3555 126,510
2.836% 1,106,300 OB+GC+BA+BH+EE 9 Assembly 122,922 -3587 126,510
2.881% 982,923 BA+IS+BH 8 Assembly 122,865 -3644 126,510
2.886% 3,864,108 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM 13 Senate 297,239 -8833 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in North Hempstead town.
2.901% 4,409,331 QN+NC+BA+HU+SM+IS 14 Senate 314,952 +8880 306,072
2.919% 2,083,248 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+BH 16 Assembly 130,203 +3693 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
2.966% 3,563,923 QN+NC 12 Senate 296,994 -9078 306,072
3.001% 4,098,327 QN+NC+BA+IS 13 Senate 315,256 +9184 306,072
3.033% 1,303,470 OB+GC+BA+IS+BH 10 Assembly 130,347 +3837 126,510
3.035% 2,967,826 QN+NH+OB+GC+HU 10 Senate 296,783 -9289 306,072 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (North Hempstead town).
3.045% 1,962,527 NH+OB+GC+SC 16 Assembly 122,658 -3852 126,510
3.048% 1,303,654 BA+HU+IS+BH+EE 10 Assembly 130,365 +3856 126,510
3.085% 980,858 OB+GC+BA+BH 8 Assembly 122,607 -3902 126,510
3.089% 2,208,690 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+BH+EE 7 Senate 315,527 +9455 306,072 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
3.091% 2,451,990 QN+NH 20 Assembly 122,600 -3910 126,510
3.113% 2,869,845 BX+MH 22 Assembly 130,448 +3938 126,510
3.146% 1,957,341 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS 15 Assembly 130,489 +3980 126,510
3.155% 4,446,249 MH+SI+BK 15 Senate 296,417 -9655 306,072
3.170% 631,551 OB+GC+HU+SM 2 Senate 315,776 +9704 306,072
3.177% 2,210,571 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+SM+IS+BH 7 Senate 315,796 +9724 306,072 Useless: isolates fractional populations in Huntington town and East End.
3.191% 1,837,085 NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 15 Assembly 122,472 -4037 126,510
3.242% 1,224,080 BA+SM+IS+BH+EE 10 Assembly 122,408 -4102 126,510
3.261% 3,553,104 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+BA 12 Senate 296,092 -9980 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in North Hempstead town.
3.311% 522,796 BA+HU+SM 4 Assembly 130,699 +4189 126,510 Assembly Districts 8-11 of a map by Ward Cleaver.
3.330% 1,307,222 HE+LB+OB+GC+HU 10 Assembly 130,722 +4212 126,510
3.379% 2,531,302 HE+LB+OB+GC+SC 8 Senate 316,413 +10341 306,072
3.416% 886,846 SM+IS+BH 3 Senate 295,615 -10457 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in East End.
3.419% 1,962,527 NH+OB+GC+SC 15 Assembly 130,835 +4325 126,510
3.457% 854,951 OB+GC+BA+IS 7 Assembly 122,136 -4374 126,510
3.480% 1,178,212 BA+HU+IS+BH 9 Assembly 130,912 +4403 126,510
3.488% 950,239 NH+OB+GC+BA+HU 3 Senate 316,746 +10674 306,072
3.508% 633,616 HU+SM+IS 2 Senate 316,808 +10736 306,072
3.509% 1,098,638 BA+SM+IS+BH 9 Assembly 122,071 -4439 126,510
3.546% 854,162 NH+OB+GC+HU+SM 7 Assembly 122,023 -4487 126,510
3.594% 2,219,509 NC+HU+SM+BH+EE 7 Senate 317,073 +11001 306,072 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
3.621% 884,965 HU+SM+BH+EE 3 Senate 294,988 -11084 306,072 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
3.631% 2,220,298 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+IS+BH+EE 7 Senate 317,185 +11114 306,072
3.653% 2,064,237 NC+BA+HU+IS 7 Senate 294,891 -11181 306,072
3.659% 2,753,913 NC+SC 21 Assembly 131,139 +4629 126,510 Assembly Districts 1-21 as proposed by the State Legislature to disenfranchise Nassau and Suffolk Counties. Deviation can be reduced to 1.053% by restoring the stolen district.
3.660% 2,229,379 QN 17 Assembly 131,140 +4630 126,510
3.666% 3,243,376 QN+HE+LB+NH 11 Senate 294,852 -11220 306,072
3.674% 1,096,757 BA+HU+SM+BH+EE 9 Assembly 121,862 -4648 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
3.678% 6,029,249 BK+QN+NC 19 Senate 317,329 +11257 306,072
3.710% 3,536,601 QN+HE+LB+OB+GC+HU 12 Senate 294,717 -11355 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in North Hempstead town.
3.716% 1,968,160 NC+HU+SM+IS 15 Assembly 131,211 +4701 126,510
3.763% 1,178,212 BA+HU+IS+BH 4 Senate 294,553 -11519 306,072 Useless: isolates fractional populations in Smithtown town and East End.
3.771% 1,050,240 OB+GC+BA+HU+IS 8 Assembly 131,280 +4770 126,510
3.820% 2,542,121 NC+HU+SM+IS+BH+EE 8 Senate 317,765 +11693 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in Babylon town.
3.869% 729,693 BA+HU+IS 6 Assembly 121,616 -4894 126,510
3.884% 2,628,471 NC+BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 20 Assembly 131,424 +4914 126,510
3.885% 3,179,618 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU 10 Senate 317,962 +11890 306,072
3.915% 954,163 OB+GC+HU+SM+IS 3 Senate 318,054 +11982 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in Babylon town.
3.967% 1,272,851 NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS 4 Senate 318,213 +12141 306,072
4.023% 3,502,230 QN+NH+OB+GC+BA+HU+IS 11 Senate 318,385 +12313 306,072
4.028% 971,315 BA+HU+SM+BH 8 Assembly 121,414 -5095 126,510 Illegal: unnecessarily splits a small municipality (Smithtown town).
4.050% 1,762,052 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+SM+IS 6 Senate 293,675 -12397 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in Huntington town.
4.055% 2,229,379 QN 7 Senate 318,483 +12411 306,072
4.092% 970,666 OB+GC+BA+SM+IS 8 Assembly 121,333 -5176 126,510
4.101% 1,334,544 NC 11 Assembly 121,322 -5188 126,510
4.104% 1,091,862 HU+IS+BH+EE 9 Assembly 121,318 -5192 126,510 Awkward: creates quite a narrow district.
4.141% 727,628 OB+GC+BA+HU 6 Assembly 121,271 -5238 126,510
4.189% 2,909,054 SI+BK 24 Assembly 121,211 -5299 126,510 Assembly Districts 40-63 as proposed by the State Legislature, including a district not justified by population. Deviation can be reduced to 0.023% by removing the extra district.
4.227% 2,638,198 NC+BA+HU+IS+BH+EE 9 Senate 293,133 -12939 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in Smithtown town.
4.237% 1,332,650 BX 11 Assembly 121,150 -5360 126,510 Assembly Districts 76-86 as proposed by the State Legislature
4.259% 791,386 HE+LB 6 Assembly 131,898 +5388 126,510
4.302% 7,023,286 MH+BK+QN+HE+LB 22 Senate 319,240 +13168 306,072
4.360% 2,772,537 QN+NH+OB+GC 21 Assembly 132,026 5516 126,510
4.511% 966,420 HU+IS+BH 8 Assembly 120,803 -5707 126,510 Awkward: creates quite a narrow district.
4.535% 845,408 BA+HU+SM+IS 7 Assembly 120,773 -5737 126,510
4.547% 1,207,577 HU+SM+IS+BH+EE 10 Assembly 120,758 -5752 126,510
4.580% 2,628,471 NC+BA+HU+SM+IS+BH 9 Senate 292,052 -14020 306,072 Useless: isolates a fractional population in East End.
4.597% 2,336,013 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA+SM+IS+BH+EE 8 Senate 292,002 -14070 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in Huntington town.
4.634% 1,323,725 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA 10 Assembly 132,373 +5863 126,510
4.729% 320,547 OB+GC 1 Senate 320,547 +14475 306,072
4.765% 1,165,955 OB+GC+BA+HU+SM+IS 4 Senate 291,489 -14583 306,072
4.768% 843,343 OB+GC+BA+HU+SM 7 Assembly 120,478 -6032 126,510
4.840% 1,061,059 NH+OB+GC+HU+IS 8 Assembly 132,632 +6123 126,510 Awkward: creates quite a narrow district.
4.878% 1,323,725 HE+LB+OB+GC+BA 11 Assembly 120,339 -6171 126,510
4.949% 1,745,549 HE+LB+OB+GC+HU+SM+IS 6 Senate 290,925 -15147 306,072 Impractical: islolates a fractional population in Babylon town.
4.955% 2,909,054 SI+BK 10 Senate 290,905 -15166 306,072
4.958% 1,082,135 HU+SM+IS+BH 9 Assembly 120,237 -6272 126,510

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Discussion of malaportionment by State Legislature
Better Assembly districts than politicians will ever allow
Better Senate districts than politicians will ever allow
Better Congressional districts than politicians will ever allow
Districts for Nassau County Board of Legislators
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Last revised: 7 December 2020